As a speaker, your role is to tell others about your ideas and occasionally persuade them to take some actions. Well organized speeches have several benefits for the audience. They are :
1.Easier to understand. Your audience wants to know what speech is about and the point you are trying to make.
2.Easy to remember. A well organized speech enables the audience to identify better and remember the points you made
Selecting your topics
Your first step in creating your speech is to decide what to talk about. Consider for examples.
1.Discussions you’ve had recently with friends
2.Megazines or newspaper articles that attracted your interst
3.Your expertise in certain topics-real estate, writing, personal computers, etc.
4.Everyday experience-shopping, family relationship.
Be sure that the topic is not too broad. For example instead of talking about sport-general topic-narrow the subject to the children’s sport or more specific still, children gymnastics. Remember, you will be speaking only a few minutes, an you need all of the time to develop a single facet of the larger subject. Be sure your topic is timely and relevant for your audience.
YOUR BODY SPEAKS
When you talk to your friend, you move your hands an arms, walk around, make eye contact and change facial expressions. These movement are called body language. Body language is important in public speaking as it is in everday conversation. Imagine a speaker who is sincere about the topic but stand stiffly before the audience during the entire speech, not moving or even looking at anyone as she speaks. Her words say she cares about the subject, but her body communicates otherwise. The result? Her audience doubts her message.
Not only does body language communicate confidence and power, it enchanges your belivability, illustrates and emphasizes the points you are making, and help to release any nervous energy you may have, body language is expressed in stance, movement, gestures, facial expression and eye contact.
The stance you assume while standing still is important because it indicates your confidence and comfort level. If you slouch shoulders and fix your eyes on the floor, your audience thinks you are shy and weak. If you repeatedly shift your weight from ine foot to another, you appear uncomfortable and nervous, and your audience maybe distracted by movement. But if you stand straight-feet slightly apart and your weight evenly distributed on each foot and look directly at your listeners, your convey confidence and poise.
Your movement from your seat to the podium is actually the beginning of your presentation and the first opportunity to use your body language. You want to appear confidence or eager to speak, so walk purposefully to the front of the room with your head up and shoulder back. Turn and face your audience directly, then begin speaking. During speech, your audience, avoid pacing, fidgeting, swaying from side to side or bouncing up and down on your toes. These are nervous habits that distract the audience. Stop toward the audience to emphasize important points. If you want to dramatize specific points, use movement. For example if you are describing a physical action such as throwing a ball or shivering from the cold, act out your description by moving your body appropriately.
Gesture are the most expressive part of the body language and consist of movement of the head, shoulder, arms, hands or some other part of the body. Some basic gestures show:
1.Size, weight, shape, direction and location. These physical characteristics call for hand gesture, “He went that way!” you may exclaim as you dramacitally point out the direction.
2.Importance or urgency. Show your audience how important your point is. Hit your fist into your open palm.
3.Comparation and contrast.move both your hands in unison to show similarities; move them in opposition to show differences.
Your face can show about how your listeners are supposed to react or feel. If you are talking about terrible accidents, yet you are smiling or nodding, your audience will be confused, not sad. Your facial expression must be consistent with the felling or information you are communicating.
Your eyes, eye movement. Eyebrows and your mouth, they play a vital role in showing sadness, fear, happiness, anger, frustration, nervousness, confident and uncertainty. Show sadness by lowering your eyelids, turning down your mouth slightly, and bowing your head. Show surprised or disbelief by widening your eyes and raising your eyesbrows. Smile broadly to show happiness.
Have you ever conversed with someone who did not look at you directly? The person looked over your shoulder, above your head, at the floor event at someone else, everywhere but at you, what did you think? Most likely you doubted that person’s interest, honesty and confidence. Eye contact plays a major role in how people perceive one another, and as speaker you should pay special attention to it. If you make an eye contact with your listeners, they will think you are sincere, credible, friendly and honest. These felling have a great impact on your message and listeners’ willingness to accept it.
What kind of voice do you have? Is it rich, exciting, and easy to listen to? All speakers should work to develop a voice that enhances their words and attract listener’s attention. A good speaking voice has several qualities. It is : pleasant, conveying a sense of friendliness.
Reflecting the true personality and sincerity of the speaker. Forceful. Conveying vitality and strength, even when it isn’t especially loud.
Demonstrating various shades of meaning, never sounding monotonous, and emotional. If listeners cant hear you, or if they find your voice annoying, they will not pay attention and your message will be lost.
3.Characteristic of a good voice
A good speaking voice should be balanced between extremes of volume, picth, rate an quality.
Being able to control the loudness or softness of your voice helps to keep the audience’ attention. Speking to loudly for a long time will bother your audience. Speaking too softly for long time will annoying the listeners too.
The pitch of the sounds is how high or low it is on the musical scale. Varu your pitch as you speak because drawning on in a monotone voice will quickly put listeners to sleep and speaking in squeaking voice will make them want to cover their ears.
This is the number of word you speak per minute. Speak too fast and your audience will not be able to keep up with you. Speak to slowly and your listeners will lose interest. Please speak fast enough so people will pay attention but wlow enough so digest what they are saying.
Your voice should convey friendliness, naturalness, and confidence and pleasant to ears. Listen to yourself on tape. Does your voice sound harsh or breathy or thin or narsal. You can improve it by relaxing eliminating any tension on your voice.
HOW DO YOU BEHAVE
So now, you are ready to go on the stage, behave yourself. Don’t think what you are, because you are what you think. There are several things that you don’t have to worry all about when you are in front.
1.Don’t worry about Nervousness
Just for you to bear in your mind that, nervousness belongs to anyone. You never get rid all the butterflies, what you can do is just be able to control it better with the knowledge’s abd experiences. So, nervousness is really good for you.
2.Don’t worry about Shyness
Do you look yourself down because your physical disabilities you have? Come on.. the truth is everybody feels the unperfected part of their body. So you are not alone. The point is, if you are shy about your speaking; remember everyone is also shy about something. And if they can overcome their shyness, so can you. No worries.
3.Don’t worry about Voice
It is more important to be understand than to sound good. As long as you are clear, as long as people can hear you and understand you, you don’t have to worry too much about harving a beautiful voice, to be able to speak, don’t worry about accent.Do you have an accent? Actually you just need to be clear. You can’t be having a strong accent and win the contest.
4.Don’t worry about vocabularies
Simplicity is a greatness, and there is no better way to communicate simply. So develop a conversational style of speaking, if you can bring that everyday conversational and natural way you speak will communicate more effectively.
5.Don’t worry about education
Education is not something necessary to make you a better speaker or communicator. In fact, very often people from the high education will find it difficult to adapt and communicate effectively eith the people. The secret of effective communication is to understand first and then to be understood.
6.Don’t worry about Audiences’ Opinion
You cannot please everyone in the audience. Just be yourself and focus on doing your best. But there are 5 MUST to help you be better speaker to deliver successful speech:
• Knowledge : Obviously you must know what you are talking about (personal experience or other people experience or literature media)
• Sincerity : It is important dor listener to believe you. You must first belive in what you are talking about, yourself. You must believe in your own subject, before you try to get someone else to belive in you.
• Enthusiasm : you must be eager to share the importance of your message with your audience, eager to show that you care. Cavett Robert, founder of the national speaker association of America, often said “people don’t care how much you know, until they know how much you care
• Practice : In public speaking, all the know ledges, sincerity and enthusiasm are useless if we don’t put into the practice. Speaking is a skill, and just like any other skill.. requires practice.
• Enjoyment : Finally, you must be satisfied with your preparation, and your research and that you are giving people something they can benefit from something of values. Unless you enjoy giving your talk, your audience will not enjoy listening to it. You must enjoy speaking if you want audience to enjoy listening. It’s so much harder to listen than speak. Remember that you cannot give away something you haven’t got yourself
IT IS A SHOW TIME
You have been introduced. The stage is set. The audience are writing with high expectation. You get up from your chair and you walk up briskly. Now, all eyes are focused on you. The first seven seconds are very crucial. This is the most critical part of your speech.
Have you ever noticed how the truly great speaker speake? They make it seem so easy as if conversing with audience. They are relax. So how to relax? One of the ways is to take a deep breath, then exhale slowly from the mouth and repeat several times.
2.Use a Note
Do you think it is important to use a note? It is ok if you think so, it can be the reminder when you are lost on the crowd, so always have your note standby.
To communicate effectively is to break down the formality found in the average group of adult. The trouble with mostly adults in the moment when they got to do speech os they immediately : OH GOD! SPEECH?! OH NO!, because most of them are capable to make an English converstion in the dining table, but seem hard to start being on the stage. So, if you want to make it easy, be conversational
Don’t forget to give the most beautiful smile of you. Smile and the whole worlds smile with you and of course, a friendly smile and not a plastic one. Smile doesn’t cost you a cent, it is free. Yet, it’s the universal sign for saying I am ok, You are ok. We are ok
It’s impotant, if you lose your eye contact, you will lose your audience. They eyes are the windows of the soul. Looking into the audience’s eyes will give you confidence. Look at the audience and the individual in them. Don’t look at them as if they wew sack or even a salted fish. Look at them for a response and for a feed back.
6.Mind your Time
Keep your speak short and clear. Better tittle too short tan a litte too long. A boring speaker is always avoided by the audiences.
The last of your speech, involve the audience in what you say and do. Remember :
• When I hear, I forget much
• When I see, I remember more
• When I do, I understand best.
The doing is very much more powerful than the hearing. When you involve your audience, they will be fully awake. They will be with you and will pay attention, and you will be always remembered because you are the message.